massage techniques

Foot massage of feet and feet - how to do it correctly

Preparation for foot massage. Basic massage techniques: basic and acupressure. The sequence of techniques for flat feet, arthrosis and for injuries and sprains.

Foot massage helps to cope with such a pathology as flat feet. The first exercise is to pull the little finger of the foot towards yourself, and the ring finger down. For convenience, the leg can be placed on the edge of the chair. After 10-15 repetitions, the exercise is performed in pairs for the remaining fingers.

Then, with one hand, hold the heel in place, and with the other - raise and lower all the toes of the foot. Repeat 10 to 20 times.

After proceeding to massage techniques:

circular rubbing of the foot and ankle joint;

kneading the base of the fingers and heel;

stroking with pressure of the foot and lower leg;

kneading the foot and lower leg;

rubbing the foot from the fingers to the heel with the edge of the palm or phalanges of the fingers;

stroking, intensive kneading and rubbing the legs from the knee to the hip and back;

stroking the entire surface of the leg.

For children aged 3 to 7 years, a separate massage complex has been developed:

palm stroking the outer surface of the legs and feet from the fingers to the heel;

intensive stroking of the foot;

gentle pressure of the fists or phalanges of the fingers on the foot in the direction from the heel to the toes;

rubbing of the interdigital spaces, the inner part of the foot and surface;

entire surface

pressure on the heel with the thumb followed by rubbing;

lightly tapping the edge of the palm over the entire surface of the foot.

Massages of children's feet can be carried out daily or every other day, if the child feels well and the procedures do not cause a negative reaction. The duration of the massage course is negotiated with your doctor.

Ankle Massaging

Ankle massage is used for injuries and sprains, because It stimulates the flow of blood to damaged tissues. Sessions are carried out after the healing of fractures and wounds, or 3-4 days after stretching. Before the procedure, it is advisable to steam the legs in a hot bath or foot bath, and apply massage oil to the study area with circular stroking movements.

Start shin massage with light strokes of the entire ankle. Then presses are carried out with the thumbs, and the force of influence is chosen so that the pressing is felt, but does not cause pain. First, they act on the area around the injury, gradually moving to its center. After that, about 60 patting easy movements make on the entire surface of the feet.

Then the ankle is wrapped around the palm of the hand so that the thumb rests on the front surface, and the rest on the sole. From this position, rubbing the entire foot. At the end of the session, each finger is massaged with subsequent flexion movements in different directions, and the gaps between the fingers are rubbed.

Massage for injuries

Self-massage of the foot can be carried out as a prophylaxis of foot diseases or with minor bruises, injuries, and injuries. Start a session with simple tricks. The leg is pulled and bent at the knee. Muscles should be relaxed and massage oil applied to the skin with stroking movements..

Both hands are used to stroke the soles. The direction of movement is from the fingers to the lower leg, to the knee and thigh. The lower part of the foot is rubbed with forceps, and the inner part - only with the fingertips. Then the palms are laid across the calf muscle and alternately grab and displace the skin with subcutaneous tissue. The next trick is patting the area from the heel to the popliteal cavity.

Then the foot is laid on the foot so that the ankle of one leg is on the knee of the other. Palms grasp the foot, placing the thumbs on the sole, and the rest on the rise. Thumbs are rubbing, kneading and pressing. Then the fingers are moved to the back of the foot and make several pressures on the arch of the sole.

From 30 to 40 light pats on the sole can be made to improve blood movement. For arthritis of the joints, only stroking and light rubbing are allowed, without power techniques.

Study for arthrosis

With deforming arthrosis of the joints of the foot, massage helps to quickly recover, improves blood circulation and strengthens muscle tissue. Activation of peripheral blood flow has a positive effect on trophic tissue of not only affected joints, but the entire leg.

The session begins with massaging the fingers: stroking is replaced by transverse and longitudinal grindings, and then proceed to the flexion and extension of each finger. The sole is massaged with the phalanges of the bent fingers starting from the inside and passing to the heel from the fingers. In the opposite direction apply stronger pressure. Particular attention is paid to the inner edge of the foot and the bone: from the outside, pressures alternating with stroking.

Above the feet are deep sliding strokes from the tips of the fingers to the ankle and central part of the lower leg. Then make several circular grasping continuous grindings and forceps in the sole, heel, tendon, joint bag on the back surface. On the outside pass only light pressure. In case of arthrosis, the inner edge of the heel is gently massaged using the fingertips.

Massaging the foot helps to ease the course of diseases, improves overall well-being, helps to cope with flat feet and accelerates the healing process after injuries. All massage techniques consist of the basic classical techniques: stroking, rubbing, patting, vibration, kneading, etc. The sequence of methods depends on the indications, the state of muscle tissue, the age and individual characteristics of the patient. Acupressure of the foot also includes pressure, stroking, continuous vibration on the biologically active area. After the session, the patient needs time to relax, and home procedures are best done before bedtime. The duration of the massage course and its intensity must be agreed with the attending physician.